AskDefine | Define morbid

Dictionary Definition

morbid adj
1 suggesting an unhealthy mental state; "morbid interest in death"; "morbid curiosity"
2 suggesting the horror of death and decay; "morbid details" [syn: ghoulish]
3 caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology; "diseased tonsils"; "a morbid growth"; "pathologic tissue"; "pathological bodily processes" [syn: diseased, pathologic, pathological]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Adjective

morbid
  1. of, or relating to disease
  2. unhealthy or unwholesome, especially psychologically
  3. suggesting the horror of death; macabre or ghoulish
  4. grisly or gruesome

Synonyms

Translations

of or relating to disease
unhealthy or unwholesome, especially psychologically
suggesting the horror of death
grisly, gruesome

Extensive Definition

A disease is an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs bodily functions, associated with specific symptoms and signs.
In human beings,"disease" is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes extreme pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems, and/or death to the person afflicted, or similar problems for those in contact with the person. In this broader sense, it sometimes includes injuries, disabilities, disorders, syndromes, infections, isolated symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function, while in other contexts and for other purposes these may be considered distinguishable categories.

Transmission of disease

Some diseases such as influenza are contagious and infectious. Infectious diseases can be transmitted by any of a variety of mechanisms, including inhalation of aerosols produced by coughs and sneezes, by hand to mouth contact with infectious material on surfaces, by bites of insects or other carriers of the disease, and from contaminated water or food (often via faecal contamination), etc. In addition, there are sexually transmitted diseases. In some cases, micro-organisms that are not readily spread from person to person play a role, while other diseases can be prevented or ameliorated with appropriate nutrition or other lifestyle changes. Some diseases such as cancer, heart disease and mental disorders are, in most cases, not considered to be caused by infection, although there are important exceptions. Many diseases (including some cancers, heart disease and mental disorders) have a partially or completely genetic basis (see Genetic disorder) and may thus be transmitted from one generation to another.

Social significance of disease

Living with disease can be very difficult. The identification of a condition as a disease, rather than as simply a variation of human structure or function, can have significant social or economic implications. The controversial recognitions as diseases of post-traumatic stress disorder, also known as "Soldier's heart," "shell shock," and "combat fatigue;" repetitive motion injury or repetitive stress injury (RSI); and Gulf War syndrome has had a number of positive and negative effects on the financial and other responsibilities of governments, corporations and institutions towards individuals, as well as on the individuals themselves. The social implication of viewing aging as a disease could be profound, though this classification is not yet widespread.
A condition may be considered to be a disease in some cultures or eras but not in others. Oppositional-defiant disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and, increasingly, obesity, are conditions considered to be diseases in the United States and Canada today, but were not so-considered decades ago and are not so-considered in some other countries. Lepers were a group of afflicted individuals who were historically shunned and the term "leper" still evokes social stigma. Fear of disease can still be a widespread social phenomena, though not all diseases evoke extreme social stigma.
Sickness confers the social legitimization of certain benefits, such as illness benefits, work avoidance, and being looked after by others. In return, there is an obligation on the sick person to seek treatment and work to become well once more. As a comparison, consider pregnancy, which is not a state interpreted as disease or sickness by the individual. On the other hand, it is considered by the medical community as a condition requiring medical care and by society at large as a condition requiring one's staying at home from work.

Global burden of disease

This chart, compiled in 2002 from the global burden of disease study performed by the World Health Organization shows an overview of the impact of various classifications of disease, segregated by regions with low and high mortality:

References

External links

morbid in Arabic: مرض
morbid in Aragonese: Malautía
morbid in Asturian: Enfermedá
morbid in Guarani: Mba'asy
morbid in Aymara: Usu
morbid in Min Nan: Pīⁿ
morbid in Banyumasan: Penyakit
morbid in Breton: Kleñved
morbid in Bulgarian: Болест
morbid in Catalan: Malaltia
morbid in Czech: Nemoc
morbid in Welsh: Clefyd
morbid in Danish: Sygdom
morbid in German: Krankheit
morbid in Estonian: Haigus
morbid in Spanish: Enfermedad
morbid in Esperanto: Malsano
morbid in Basque: Gaixotasun
morbid in Persian: بیماری
morbid in French: Maladie
morbid in Western Frisian: Sykte
morbid in Irish: Galair
morbid in Galician: Doenza
morbid in Hindi: रोग
morbid in Croatian: Bolest
morbid in Ido: Morbo
morbid in Indonesian: Penyakit
morbid in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Maladia
morbid in Icelandic: Sjúkdómur
morbid in Italian: Malattia
morbid in Hebrew: מחלה
morbid in Kazakh: Ауру
morbid in Kurdish: Nesaxî
morbid in Latin: Morbus
morbid in Latvian: Slimība
morbid in Lithuanian: Liga
morbid in Lingala: Bokɔnɔ
morbid in Hungarian: Betegség
morbid in Macedonian: Болест
morbid in Malagasy: Marary
morbid in Malayalam: രോഗം
morbid in Malay (macrolanguage): Penyakit
morbid in Dutch: Ziekte
morbid in Japanese: 病気
morbid in Norwegian: Sykdom
morbid in Norwegian Nynorsk: Sjukdom
morbid in Occitan (post 1500): Malautiá
morbid in Pushto: ناروغي
morbid in Polish: Choroba
morbid in Portuguese: Doença
morbid in Romanian: Boală
morbid in Quechua: Unquy
morbid in Russian: Болезнь
morbid in Albanian: Sëmundja
morbid in Sicilian: Affizzioni
morbid in Simple English: Disease
morbid in Slovak: Choroba
morbid in Slovenian: Bolezen
morbid in Serbian: Болест
morbid in Finnish: Sairaus
morbid in Swedish: Sjukdom
morbid in Tagalog: Karamdaman
morbid in Tamil: நோய்
morbid in Telugu: వ్యాధి
morbid in Thai: โรค
morbid in Turkish: Hastalık
morbid in Ukrainian: Хвороба
morbid in Urdu: مرض
morbid in Yiddish: קראנקייט
morbid in Chinese: 疾病

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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